Traditionally marma points are grouped into 3 categories according to region of the body:
Present in extremities i.e. Legs and feet- 44
Present in Trunk i.e. Chest, Abdomen & Back-26
Present in Head and Neck Region-37
Marma chikitsa or Marma Therapy is an important method of Ayurvedic treatment for many health issues. At marma sites toxins, stress, negative emotions get stored slowly due to our hectic life style. That causes blockage of energy flow result in pain, blockage and swelling in these marma sites. Ayurveda treats marma with various methods to make continuous flow of energy.
Methods of Marma Therapy
Massage & Energy Methods
- Abhyanga or Massage – Using various forms of pressure or movement with the hands or other body parts like feet or elbow. This is aided by applying Ayurvedic Medicated Herbal Oils. So it is not only massage but also includes Oil Therapy. Some Ayurvedic Massages also use dry Powder.
- Aroma Therapy – It is a of Massage or Abhyanga done using aromatic oils like Sandalwood or Camphor on Marmas.
- Mardana or Acupressure – It is the application of strong pressure on particular marma which may be accompanied by oil massage or Aroma Therapy.
- Pranic or Energy Healing – It is a process of directing Pranas either at a distance or through therapeutic touch, which may or may not be accompanied by oil massage or Aroma Therapy.
- Lepa or Applying Herbal Paste – It is a method of using herbal pastes like Sandalwood, turmeric and ginger or various other ointments on the marmas.
- Herbal Treatment – It is a process of taking herbs internally in the form of pills and decoctions as well as applying them on marmas externally in the form of Poultices.
Use of Instruments
- Sira Vedha (Vessel Piercing) or Blood Letting – It is a process of piercing or Vedha of veins or vessels (sira), particularly blood letting or bleeding of Marma points.